2016-17 Budget highlights
Revenue: $416.9 billion GDP growth: 2.5%
Expenditure: $450.6 billion Unemployment forecast: 5.5%
Budget position: $37.1 billion Inflation: 2%
Treasurer Scott Morrison warned this would be no typical budget and he was true to his word. The Turnbull government ignored the grand tradition of sweeteners for all in an election year to help the medicine go down. There were income tax cuts, sure, but only for those earning more than $80,000, and most of the other largesse was limited to small and medium sized businesses to help power our much vaunted ideas boom. One of the biggest new ideas in the Budget was a scheme that enlists business help to get the young unemployed into work. But this government is one determined to prove it can live within its means and spending was balanced with revenue measures including tightening superannuation largesse for the wealthy and a ‘Google’ tax targeted at multinationals. Collateral damage was only to be expected in the government’s full charge tilt at jobs and growth in an economy stuck in a painful transition phase.
There was nothing typical about Budget Day either with the Reserve Bank cutting the cash rate to an historic low of 1.75 per cent. The rate cut underlined the precarious nature of the economy with the spectre of deflation now raring up and consumer spending stubbornly immune to monetary policy shifts. While governments in the past have taken rate hikes during an election campaign as a personal affront, no government has ever had to grapple with an RBA warning of ‘very subdued growth’ in labor costs (that would be wages) on Budget Day before, let alone a government hoping to go to the polls in a few short months. At the very least it will make the government’s sell job for this Budget much harder.
It is clearly banking its attack on multinational tax avoidance will be a vote winner. The government expects an additional $3.9 billion to flow to its coffers over the next four years through this crackdown which will be carried out by a new, 1000 person strong team in the ATO. In addition to legislation passed last year, the crack team will have a new, diverted profits tax, modelled on the UK’s Google’s tax that will charge a 40 per cent tax rate on profits multinationals attempt to shift offshore to lower tax jurisdictions.
Once again, small businesses are the heroes, though the definition has been extended to include businesses with a turnover of up to $10 million a year. The new tax rate for those in this group will be 27.5 per cent. Those with an annual turnover of less than $2 million – who received a cut of 1.5 percentage points last year – scoop up another 1 percentage point win while the 60,000 firms with turnover between $2 million and $10 million are also now included in the new rate. And there will be more down the track though it is a long way down the track … business has to look way out to 2026/27 to see the promised 25 per cent rate of all businesses. That’s the virtue of a ’10 year’ enterprise tax plan.
Some $750 million will be spent on a new youth employment program to assist up to 120,000 people aged under 25 find work. The new scheme will include skills training, internships and subsidies for business who take the job seekers on. As an incentive, those who sign on to the scheme will receive a $200 payment per fortnight on top of their existing benefit.
Getting rid of the deficit is now a long term plan. So long term in fact, it is no longer in the forward years. The deficit is expected to reduce this year from $39.9 billion to $37.1 billion in 2016-17 and to have shrunk $6 billion by 2019-20. The budget papers also noted a ‘risk that the low inflation, low wage growth and low productivity growth being experienced in many advanced economies could become embedded in lower potential growth over time’. Even so, this is a government determined to be upbeat. While GDP growth would be below par in 2016-27 at 2.5 per cent, it was expected to recover to 3 per cent by 2017/18. We were told our economy was growing faster than the UK, the US, Japan and Germany. The Treasurer said he was ‘upbeat and optimistic’. The trick now will be to convince the rest of us the glass is half full as well.
FINANCE, TAX AND SUPER
Positioned as a ten year enterprise tax plan to support jobs and growth, this Budget is looking to small businesses to give the economy a new kick-start.
The small business tax rate will be lowered to 27.5 per cent, and the access threshold increased from $2 million to $10 million, from 1 July 2016
The unincorporated small business tax discount will increase from 5 per cent to 8 per cent, from 1 July 2016, and the access threshold extended from a turnover of $2 million to $5 million
Access extended to instant write off for equipment purchases of up to $20,000 that will expire on 30 June 2017, to businesses with a turnover of less than $10 million
Company tax for all companies is planned to decrease to 25 per cent by 2026-27, with rolling cuts according to annual turnover over the next decade
Given companies don’t vote at elections, multinationals were further targeted to help find revenue through a crackdown on those that avoid paying their fair share of tax in Australia.
The ATO’s new taskforce will police and prosecute companies, multinationals and high wealth individuals not paying the tax they should. The taskforce is forecast to raise more than $3.7 billion in tax liabilities between now and July 2020
A new tax aimed at multinationals that attempts to divert profits from Australia to minimise their taxation will be introduced from 1 July, 2017. It will levy a 40 per cent tax on diverted profits and apply to global companies with global revenue of $1 billion or more
Increased penalties for multinationals that fail to meet their compliance and disclosure obligations to the ATO
From 1 July this year, the upper limit for the middle income tax bracket (32.5 per cent) will increase from $80,000 to $87,000 per year to minimise bracket creep until 2019-20
Negative gearing is unchanged. Moves to limit or remove it are seen as an additional tax burden on average working class Australians, working to build and protect their future
The introduction of a balance cap of $1.6 million from July 2017 that can be withdrawn tax-free in retirement
Extension of the 30 per cent tax on concessional contributions to those earning over $250,000
Reduction to the annual cap on concessional superannuation contributions to $25,000
Establishment of a lifetime non-concessional contributions cap of $500,000, effective immediately
Introduction of a new Low Income Superannuation Tax Offset from 1 July 2017, to ensure that people earning less than $37,000 are not paying more tax on their superannuation than they are on their income
Removal of current regulations that restrict people aged between 65 and 75 from making contributions to their superannuation
Allowing people to rollover unused concessional caps so those with interrupted work arrangements are not prevented from making catch-up contributions to their super